What is an Internationalized Domain Name (IDN)?

An Internationalized Domain Name TLD is a top-level domain composed of non-Latin based characters. IDNs in the Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, and Hindi, languages would fall into this category. Examples might look like:

  • Гостиницы.Москвa
  •  商展2010年.上海市
  •  होम.दिरेक्टोरी
  •  دبي.المطار

Why is it important to introduce IDNs?

More than half the world's population does not use Latin characters in their native language. Introducing IDNs in local languages will make the Internet more accessible to billions of people worldwide who do not access the Internet because of language problems. It creates the possibility to advertise Internet addresses in languages and script types that these people can understand intuitively.

Who can apply for an IDN at Unifiedroot?

Any corporation, organization or institution can apply for an IDN, as long as the name is available, is not already registered at ICANN, and is not part of our restricted name list.

What is the cost to register an IDN?

The minimum registration fee for an IDN at Unifiedroot is
 EUR 50,000 with an annual renewal fee of EUR 12,500.

The price structure for exceptionally valuable IDNs will be negotiated on a case by case basis.

Where do I find the IDN application form?

There is no direct link to the IDN application form. The first step in our application process is to perform a search at our "Availability Check " page to see if the IDN you are looking for is available.

If the IDN you are looking for is available you will see an orange button with the text "Click here to apply for (your IDN)". This link will take you to the application form. We strongly recommended that you first read through all sections of the website before starting the application process.

What is Unifiedroot's evaluation and approval process?

Unifiedroot is accepting applications for Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs). As Unifiedroot concludes assembling its governing board that will be responsible to refine and finalize our application, evaluation and approval policies we will be accepting new IDNs on a case-by-case basis.

Which language scripts IDNs can be registered at Unifiedroot?

Arabic, Cyrillic, Chinese, Turkish and Hindi. Others will be handled on a case-by-case basis.

What naming conventions apply to IDNs?

If you register an IDN with us, we offer you the possibility to create SLDs. An SLD may only consist of characters within the same alphabet that is used for the attached TLD (for example, an SLD under a Chinese IDN may only consist of Chinese characters and not of Latin or other characters).

Can an IDN be composed of multiple language scripts?

No. Only characters listed in the IDN table (listing of character scripts in the language of the IDN) can be used.

Can an SLD of an IDN be composed of multiple language scripts?

No. To prevent confusion and the possibility of phishing attacks a mixture of scripts in a domain name is not allowed. Letters from different language scripts may look the same visually but to the computer they are different. Thus you could have two domain names that to the eye are the same but would actually link to two different websites.

Can an IDN registered at Unifiedroot be sold?

Yes, an IDN registered at Unifiedroot may be sold and transferred providing the following conditions have been met:

  1. all outstanding fees of the current registration holder have been paid;
  2. the transfer fee of the TLD has been paid. The transfer fee is 25% of the sale price of the TLD;
  3. access to the TLD has not been suspended or terminated by us;
  4. the transferee agrees to be bound by Unifiedroot's Terms and Conditions, has provided all necessary information and meets the criteria set out in these Terms;
  5. the sale is granted approval from Unifiedroot's governing board.

Will all Internet users be able to access websites under IDNs registered at Unifiedroot?

To view IDNs registered at Unifiedroot users must first be able to query our root servers. Unifiedroot has ingeniously solved this problem.  From the original source code of Mozilla's Firefox browser we have developed our own browser. The browser has been designed to seamlessly recognize all the IDNs we are familiar with now from ICANN as well as all the IDNs on the Unifiedroot root servers.